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Gageac et Rouillac Town HallVersion Française


Gageac chateau

 

The commune of Gageac et Rouillac is bordered by Gardonne to the north, Pomport to the east, Cunèges to the south and Saussignac to the west.
In 1900 the commune had a surface area of 1399 hectares and a population of 530 ; the surface area remains unchanged but today the population stands at 431 (official population on January 1, 2017).

In the early 19th century the two parishes of Gageac and Rouillac joined to form one commune.

     

 

Gageac’s history goes back a long way; the root of its name comes from ‘Gau’ which, in Sanskrit, suggests woodland or forest.
In St Louis’ era (1220), Gageac was the seat of an archpriesthood with 53 parishes.
During the pontificate of John XXII a number of reforms took place in the Périgord with the original bishopric being divided into two dioceses, Périgueux and Sarlat, while the archpriesthood of Gageac was removed to Flaugeac.
Up until this period Gageac had been the seat of an important Seigneurie but its château had recently been destroyed which perhaps explains the reason for the transfer.

 

The village of Rouillac, which was prosperous up until the Middle Ages, has since disappeared.
Till 1789 Rouillac was the seat of justice; part of the château or tower of Rouillac - chief town of the Seigneurie - still exists in the plains at lower Rouillac. Built in the 14th century, many of its architectural details recall the neighbouring Chateau des Tours de Lenlège which is a hundred years older. It was once protected by a wide and deep moat which, like the castle walls, no longer exists. The towers were knocked down, the battlements dismantled and the square keep brought down to the same height as the main body of the chateau. The only remaining features of note are a high roof dating from Charles VIII or Louis XII and some wide windows which were restructured during the same period.

Around the 16th century, Gageac mined iron at ‘Petit et Grand Marteau’ ( ‘Little and Big Hammer’) and the iron ore was treated at ‘La Ferrière’ (‘Blacksmith’s’). (Hence the names of the hamlets: Marteau and Ferrière.) Attractive houses belonging to master blacksmiths of the period can still be found in the area.




Text translated by Pays du Grand Bergeracois (professional translator).