village of Lamothe Montravel, built by the banks of the
Dordogne River, is
bordered to the west by the Lidoire River which also serves as
the dividing point between the Dordogne and Gironde
Flint tools found in
the old river bed show that the Dordogne was inhabited by
prehistoric man as early as
the Palaeolithic period.
The Romans followed
leaving clear traces behind them such as the mosaics at
Montcaret and fragments of pottery scattered over the plains
By the 8th
century the Arabs of Abd-El-Rahman had crossed the fords of the
Dordogne River - upstream from Lamothe at Flaujagues, for
instance, where a Saracen spur and belt buckle have been found.
The pilgrims on their way to
Santiago de Compostela
also used fords to cross the Dordogne, most notably that of
Rauzan between Lamothe and Castillon.
In 1307 the archbishop of Bordeaux, Cardinal de Sourdis, bought
the fortress which today houses the Town Hall in its medieval
tower (all that remains of the castle).
The battle which
became known as the « Battle of Castillon » and which brought to
an end the Hundred Years War, took place at Colly in the Lamothe
Montravel plain between the Dordogne and Lidoire rivers, on the
17th July 1453. General
John Talbot, commander of
the English army, was vanquished and killed during the battle. A
monument commemorates the occasion.
After the foreign war, civil war. The Wars of Religion, provoked
by the Reformation served as an excuse for the Protestants (including
the Seigneur de Piles) to terrorise the Catholics. Seigneur de
Piles first attacked Saint Foy then Montravel in 1562 where he
destroyed the priory and church.
More recently, during the Second World War, Lamothe Montravel
was on the demarcation line of the free zone.
situated in the canton of Vélines between Castillon La Bataille
and Montcaret, is reached by the CD936 road.
It has a surface area of 1200 ha and a population of
1337 (official population on January 1, 2017).