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Marsalès Town HallVersion Française
 


The Town Hall

 

The commune of Marsalès is situated to the north of MONPAZIER, a 13th century English bastide, on a water-sharing plateau between the Garonne and Dordogne valleys (south-east Marsalès’ water-basin drains into the Dropt while the north-west water-basin drains into the Vérone and the Couze). Altitude varies from 150m -200m² above sea-level.

     
 

Surface area : 943 ha of which 336 ha are forested and slightly hilly.
Population : 251* inhabitants with housing scattered throughout the commune’s 31 hamlets. The village, situated along the RD 660 departmental road and around the new Town Hall and village hall, is currently growing.

     
   

Site of the St Loup Church
The hillock on which the church is built was already occupied in Neolithic times. In the Gallo-Roman era it became a site of worship for the God, Mars - God of war and of farmers : ‘Mars’, or March, the renewal of Spring. This explains why the commune was called MARSALESIUM until 1249.
The wolf (‘le loup’), the cockerel and the sparrow-hawk were all emblems attributed to Mars.
Mars was believed to be the father of Romus and Romulus, children raised in the wild by a she-wolf.

     
The commune was originally attached to the bastide of Molières but on 11 February 1285, following the foundation of Monpazier, it became dependant on the latter.
The
St Loup Church and a gallery tomb known as the «Oustal del Loup» indicate the importance of the wolf, the ‘loup’, at Marsalès.
Thus, the solitary stained glass window of the church depicts a stylised wolf.
 
*
(official population on January 1, 2017)

Text translated by Pays du Grand Bergeracois (professional translator).